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Database Access with MySQL on GCP Cloud SQL


This guide will help you to:

  • Install Teleport 9.3.7.
  • Set up Teleport to access your MySQL on Google Cloud SQL.
  • Connect to your databases through Teleport.

Teleport Database Access CloudSQL Self-Hosted


  • Google Cloud account
  • A host, e.g., a Compute Engine instance, where you will run the Teleport Database Service
  • The tctl and tsh client tools version >= 9.3.7.

    tctl version

    Teleport v9.3.7 go1.17

    tsh version

    Teleport v9.3.7 go1.17

    See Installation for details.

  • A host where you will install the Teleport Auth Service and Proxy Service.

  • A registered domain name.

  • The tctl and tsh client tools version >= 9.3.7, which you can download by visiting the customer portal.

    tctl version

    Teleport v9.3.7 go1.17

    tsh version

    Teleport v9.3.7 go1.17

  • A host where you will install the Teleport Auth Service and Proxy Service.

  • A registered domain name.

  • The tctl and tsh client tools version >= 9.3.8.

    You can download these from Teleport Cloud Downloads.

    tctl version

    Teleport v9.3.8 go1.17

    tsh version

    Teleport v9.3.8 go1.17

To connect to Teleport, log in to your cluster using tsh, then use tctl remotely:

tsh login [email protected]
tctl status


Version 9.3.7

CA pin sha256:abdc1245efgh5678abdc1245efgh5678abdc1245efgh5678abdc1245efgh5678

You can run subsequent tctl commands in this guide on your local machine.

For full privileges, you can also run tctl commands on your Auth Service host.

To connect to Teleport, log in to your cluster using tsh, then use tctl remotely:

tsh login [email protected]
tctl status


Version 9.3.8

CA pin sha256:sha-hash-here

You must run subsequent tctl commands in this guide on your local machine.

Step 1/5. Create a service account for the Teleport Database Service

Teleport uses one-time passwords to authenticate with Cloud SQL MySQL. To be able to authenticate with a database instance, Teleport must run as a service account that has a few of the "Cloud SQL Admin" role permissions. You can create a new service account or modify an existing one to add required permissions.

Create a service account

If creating a new service account, go to the Service Accounts page and create another service account:

Create Service Account

Grant permissions

Assign the Service Account the "Cloud SQL Admin" role:

Grant Cloud SQL Admin to Service Account

Service account permissions

The default "Cloud SQL Admin" IAM role includes more permissions than the Database Service needs to generate one-time user passwords. To further restrict the service account, you can create a role that includes only the following permissions:

# Used to download a list of database users.
# Used to update a user with a one-time password.
# Used to auto-download the instance's root CA certificate.
# Used to generate an ephemeral client certificate when the GCP instance
# is configured to "Allow only SSL connections." (optional)

Create a key for the service account

Once created, go to that service account's Keys tab and create a new key:

Service Account Keys

Make sure to choose JSON format:

Service Account New Key

Save the file. Your Teleport Database Service will need to use it as GCP application credentials file.

Step 2/5. Gather Cloud SQL instance information

To connect a Cloud SQL database to Teleport, you'll need to gather a few pieces of information about the instance.

  • GCP Project ID.

You can normally see it in the organization view at the top of the GCP dashboard.

  • Cloud SQL instance ID.

The instance ID is the name of your Cloud SQL instance shown at the top of the Overview page:

Instance ID

  • Cloud SQL instance endpoint.

You will use the instance's public IP address to connect to it. It can be viewed on the "Connect to this instance" panel on the Overview page:

Instance Public IP

  • Cloud SQL instance root certificate.

The instance's root certificate is required so Teleport can validate the certificate presented by the database instance. You can download server-ca.pem file from the Connections tab under Security section:

Instance Root Certificate

Step 3/5. Set up the Teleport Auth and Proxy services

Teleport Database Access for Cloud SQL MySQL is available starting from the 7.0 release.

On the host where you will run the Auth Service and Proxy Service, download the latest version of Teleport for your platform from our downloads page and follow the installation instructions.

Teleport requires a valid TLS certificate to operate and can fetch one automatically using Let's Encrypt's ACME protocol. Before Let's Encrypt can issue a TLS certificate for the Teleport Proxy host's domain, the ACME protocol must verify that an HTTPS server is reachable on port 443 of the host.

You can configure the Teleport Proxy service to complete the Let's Encrypt verification process when it starts up.

Run the following teleport configure command, where is the domain name of your Teleport cluster and [email protected] is an email address used for notifications (you can use any domain):

teleport configure --acme [email protected] > /etc/teleport.yaml

The --acme, --acme-email, and --cluster-name flags will add the following settings to your Teleport configuration file:

  enabled: "yes"
  web_listen_addr: :443
    enabled: "yes"
    email: [email protected]

Port 443 on your Teleport Proxy Service host must allow traffic from all sources.

Next, start the Teleport Auth and Proxy Services:

sudo teleport start

You will run subsequent tctl commands on the host where you started the Auth and Proxy Services.

If you do not have a Teleport Cloud account, use our signup form to get started. Teleport Cloud manages instances of the Proxy Service and Auth Service, and automatically issues and renews the required TLS certificate.

You must log in to your cluster before you can run tctl commands.

tsh login
tctl status

The Database Service requires a valid auth token to connect to the cluster. Generate one by running the following command against your Teleport Auth Service and save it in /tmp/token on the node that will run the Database Service:

tctl tokens add --type=db

Install Teleport on the host where you will run the Teleport Database Service:

Download Teleport's PGP public key

sudo curl \ -o /usr/share/keyrings/teleport-archive-keyring.asc

Add the Teleport APT repository

echo "deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/teleport-archive-keyring.asc] stable main" \| sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/teleport.list > /dev/null
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install teleport
sudo yum-config-manager --add-repo
sudo yum install teleport

Optional: Using DNF on newer distributions

$ sudo dnf config-manager --add-repo

$ sudo dnf install teleport


<checksum> <filename>

curl -O
shasum -a 256 teleport-v9.3.7-linux-amd64-bin.tar.gz

Verify that the checksums match

tar -xzf teleport-v9.3.7-linux-amd64-bin.tar.gz
cd teleport
sudo ./install

<checksum> <filename>

curl -O
shasum -a 256 teleport-v9.3.7-linux-arm-bin.tar.gz

Verify that the checksums match

tar -xzf teleport-v9.3.7-linux-arm-bin.tar.gz
cd teleport
sudo ./install

<checksum> <filename>

curl -O
shasum -a 256 teleport-v9.3.7-linux-arm64-bin.tar.gz

Verify that the checksums match

tar -xzf teleport-v9.3.7-linux-arm64-bin.tar.gz
cd teleport
sudo ./install

Create a user

Create a local Teleport user with the built-in access role:

tctl users add \ --roles=access \ --db-users=\* \ --db-names=\* \ alice
--rolesList of roles to assign to the user. The builtin access role allows them to connect to any database server registered with Teleport.
--db-usersList of database usernames the user will be allowed to use when connecting to the databases. A wildcard allows any user.
--db-namesList of logical databases (aka schemas) the user will be allowed to connect to within a database server. A wildcard allows any database.

Database names are only enforced for PostgreSQL and MongoDB databases.

For more detailed information about database access controls and how to restrict access see RBAC documentation.

Step 4/5. Set up the Teleport Database service

Below is an example of a database service configuration file that proxies a single Cloud SQL MySQL database:

  data_dir: /var/lib/teleport-db
  nodename: test
  # Proxy address to connect to. Note that it has to be the proxy address
  # because the Database Service always connects to the cluster over a reverse
  # tunnel.
  enabled: "yes"
  # This section contains definitions of all databases proxied by this
  # service. Can contain multiple items.
    # Name of the database proxy instance. Used to reference in CLI.
  - name: "cloudsql"
    # Free-form description of the database proxy instance.
    description: "GCP Cloud SQL MySQL"
    # Database protocol.
    protocol: "mysql"
    # Database endpoint. For Cloud SQL use instance's public IP address.
    uri: ""
    # Path to Cloud SQL instance root certificate you downloaded above.
    ca_cert_file: /path/to/cloudsql/instance/root.pem
    # GCP-specific configuration when connecting a Cloud SQL instance.
      # GCP project ID.
      project_id: "<project-id>"
      # Cloud SQL instance ID.
      instance_id: "test"
    # Labels to assign to the database, used in RBAC.
      env: dev
  enabled: "no"
  enabled: "no"
  enabled: "no"

A single Teleport process can run multiple different services, for example multiple Database Access instances as well as other services such the SSH Service or Application Service.

Start the Database Service:

teleport start --config=/path/to/teleport-db.yaml --token=/tmp/token

GCP credentials

The Teleport Database Service must have the credentials of teleport-db-service GCP service account we created above in order to be able to log in.

The easiest way to ensure that is to set the GOOGLE_APPLICATION_CREDENTIALS environment variable to point to the JSON credentials file you downloaded earlier.

See Authenticating as a service account in the Google Cloud documentation for more details.

Step 5/5. Connect

Once the Database Service has joined the cluster, log in to see the available databases:

tsh login --user=alice
tsh db ls

Name Description Labels

-------- ------------------- --------

cloudsql GCP Cloud SQL MySQL env=dev

Note that you will only be able to see databases your role has access to. See our RBAC guide for more details.

To connect to a particular database server, first retrieve credentials from Teleport using the tsh db login command:

tsh db login cloudsql

You can be logged in to multiple databases simultaneously.

You can optionally specify the database user and database name to use by default when connecting to the database instance:

tsh db login --db-user=alice --db-name=mysql cloudsql

Once logged in, connect to the database:

tsh db connect cloudsql

The mysql command-line client should be available in PATH in order to be able to connect.

To log out of the database and remove credentials:

Remove credentials for a particular database instance.

tsh db logout cloudsql

Remove credentials for all database instances.

tsh db logout