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What is Identity Governance & Administration (IGA)?

Posted 25th Feb 2024 by Travis Swientek

Identity Governance and Administration (IGA) is a strategy combining identity and access management (IAM) with privileged access management (PAM) to ensure secure, role-appropriate access to resources, streamline provisioning, manage entitlements, and enforce compliance across digital environments.

Identity Governance and Administration (IGA) represents a comprehensive approach to managing and securing user identities and access within an organization. It combines the disciplines of identity and access management (IAM) and privileged access management (PAM) to create a unified framework that ensures individuals are authenticated and authorized to access only the resources necessary for their roles. By automating provisioning, entitlement management, and compliance functions, IGA streamlines operations and strengthens security across both on-premises and cloud environments.

Benefits of IGA

)IGA addresses several critical challenges in modern IT environments, including managing complex user access rights across diverse digital identities, ensuring regulatory compliance, reducing the risk of unauthorized access, and streamlining the identity lifecycle management process. By automating and centralizing identity and access control, IGA solutions help organizations protect sensitive data, enforce security policies, and achieve operational efficiency.

Core Components of IGA

  • Provisioning and Deprovisioning: Automates the process of granting and revoking access to resources, ensuring users have the right access from onboarding through offboarding.
  • Entitlement Management and Access Reviews: Manages user permissions and conducts periodic reviews to ensure that access rights are in line with current roles and compliance mandates, such as HIPAA, GDPR, and SOX.
  • Role-Based Access Control (RBAC): Simplifies access management by assigning permissions based on roles, making it easier to enforce the principle of least privilege.
  • Compliance and Audit: Automates compliance reporting and audit trails, reducing operational costs and enhancing the organization’s security posture against data breaches.
  • Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA): Adds an additional layer of security by requiring more than one form of verification, significantly reducing security risks.

Teleport's Take

Teleport’s approach to identity security is purpose-built for security and governance of modern infrastructure access. Teleport Access Platform integrates Access, Identity and Policy for one place where companies can manage and govern secure access. Our platform emphasizes:

  • Zero Trust and Secretless Access: By enforcing Zero Trust principles and supporting secretless access, Teleport ensures that authentication and authorization are strictly enforced without relying on shared secrets that can be compromised.
  • Automation and Streamlined Workflows: Teleport automates key IGA processes such as provisioning, entitlement management, access requests, and access reviews, reducing manual efforts and operational costs while enhancing security.
  • SaaS and Workloads Security: With robust support for SaaS applications and diverse workloads, Teleport extends IGA capabilities across fragmented infrastructure silos, ensuring consistent security and compliance practices.
  • Unified Access Control: Combining IAM and PAM functionalities, Teleport offers a holistic solution for access management, enabling granular control over user access privileges and engineer actions.
  • Comprehensive Compliance and Audit: Teleport provides detailed logging and reporting features that simplify compliance with regulations and standards, offering peace of mind to security teams and stakeholders.

By leveraging Teleport Identity, organizations can achieve a higher level of identity security and access governance, ensuring that users have appropriate access rights based on their roles and responsibilities. Teleport’s focus on automation, Zero Trust, and secretless access policies positions it as a critical cybersecurity solution for organizations with modern computing environments seeking to enhance their security strategy, reduce risk, and improve operational efficiency.