This guide explains how to label nodes with Open Source, Enterprise Teleport, self-hosted or cloud editions.
Verify that your Teleport client is connected:
$ tctl status # Cluster tele.example.com # Version 7.1.2 # CA pin sha256:sha-hash-here
To try this flow in the cloud, login into your cluster using tsh, then use tctl remotely:
$ tsh login --proxy=myinstance.teleport.sh $ tctl status
In addition to specifying a custom nodename, Teleport also allows for the application of arbitrary key-value pairs to each node or app, called labels. There are two kinds of labels:
static labelsdo not change over time, while
teleportthe process is running. Examples of static labels are the physical location of nodes, the name of the environment (staging vs production), etc.
dynamic labelsalso known as "label commands" allow to generate labels at runtime. Teleport will execute an external command on a node at a configurable frequency and the output of the command becomes the label value. Examples include reporting load averages, presence of a process, time after the last reboot, etc.
There are two ways to configure node labels.
- Via command line, by using
/etc/teleport.yamlconfiguration file on the nodes.
To define labels as command line arguments, use
--labels flag like shown
below. This method works well for static labels or simple commands:
sudo teleport start --labels uptime=[1m:"uptime -p"],kernel=[1h:"uname -r"]
Alternatively, you can update
labels via a configuration file:
ssh_service: enabled: "yes" # ... # Static labels are simple key/value pairs: labels: environment: test app_service: # .. labels: environment: test
To configure dynamic labels via a configuration file, define a
as shown below:
ssh_service: enabled: "yes" # Dynamic labels AKA "commands": commands: - name: hostname command: [hostname] period: 1m0s - name: arch command: [uname, -p] # This setting tells teleport to execute the command above # once an hour. this value cannot be less than one minute. period: 1h0m0s app_service: enabled: "yes" # ... # Dynamic labels (historically called "commands"): commands: - name: hostname command: [hostname] period: 1m0s
/path/to/executable must be a valid executable command (i.e. executable bit
must be set) which also includes shell scripts with a proper shebang
command setting is an array where the first element
is a valid executable and each subsequent element is an argument, i.e:
# Valid syntax: command: ["/bin/uname", "-m"] # INVALID syntax: command: ["/bin/uname -m"] # If you want to pipe several bash commands together, here's how to do it: # notice how ' and " are interchangeable and you can use it for quoting: command: ["/bin/sh", "-c", "uname -a | egrep -o '[0-9]+\\.[0-9]+\\.[0-9]+'"]