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Teleport

Command Line (CLI) Reference

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Teleport is made up of three CLI tools.

  • teleport: The daemon that runs the Auth Service, Proxy Service, and other Teleport services.
  • tsh: A tool that lets end users interact with Teleport.
  • tctl: An administrative tool that can configure the Teleport Auth Service.

When running Teleport in production, we recommend that you follow the practices below to avoid security incidents. These practices may differ from the examples used in this guide, which are intended for demo environments:

  • Avoid using sudo in production environments unless it's necessary.
  • Create new, non-root, users and use test instances for experimenting with Teleport.
  • Run Teleport's services as a non-root user unless required. Only the SSH Service requires root access. Note that you will need root permissions (or the CAP_NET_BIND_SERVICE capability) to make Teleport listen on a port numbered < 1024 (e.g. 443).
  • Follow the "Principle of Least Privilege" (PoLP). Don't give users permissive roles when giving them more restrictive roles will do instead. For example, assign users the built-in access,editor roles.
  • When joining a Teleport agent to a cluster, save the invitation token to a file. Otherwise, the token will be visible when examining the teleport command that started the agent, e.g., via the history command on a compromised system.
Warning

Backing up production instances, environments, and/or settings before making permanent modifications is encouraged as a best practice. Doing so allows you to roll back to an existing state if needed.

teleport

The Teleport daemon is called teleport. It can be configured to run one or more "roles" with the --roles flags. The arguments to --roles correspond to the following services.

Teleport Cloud manages Teleport instances with the auth and proxy roles. Use the remaining roles to manage access to specific resources and other Teleport clusters.

ServiceRole NameDescription
NodenodeRuns a daemon on a host that allows SSH connections from authenticated clients.
AuthauthAuthenticates hosts and users who want access to Teleport-managed resources or information about a cluster.
ProxyproxyThe gateway that clients use to connect to the Auth Service or resources managed by Teleport.
AppappRuns a daemon on a host that provides access to applications using an SSH reverse tunnel.
KubekubeThe Teleport daemon will run the Kubernetes Service.
DBdbThe Teleport daemon will run the Database Service.
Trusted Clustertrusted_clusterThe Teleport daemon will support a leaf cluster used to connect to another Teleport cluster.
Windows DesktopwindowsdesktopThe Teleport daemon will run the Windows Desktop Service.

teleport start

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
-d, --debugnonenoneenable verbose logging to stderr
--insecure-no-tlsfalsetrue or falseTells proxy to not generate default self-signed TLS certificates. This is useful when running Teleport on kubernetes (behind reverse proxy) or behind things like AWS ELBs, GCP LBs or Azure Load Balancers where SSL termination is provided externally.
-r, --rolesproxy,node,authstring comma-separated list of proxy, auth, node, db, app or windowsdesktopstart listed services/roles. These roles are explained in the Teleport Architecture document.
--pid-filenonestring filepathcreate a PID file at the path
--advertise-ipnonestring IPadvertise IP to clients, often used behind NAT
-l, --listen-ip0.0.0.0net. IPbinds services to IP
--auth-servernonestring IPproxy attempts to connect to a specified auth server instead of local auth, disables --roles=auth if set
--tokennonestringset invitation token to register with an auth server on start, used once and ignored afterwards. Obtain it by running tctl nodes add on the auth server.We recommend to use tools like pwgen to generate sufficiently random tokens of 32+ byte length.
--ca-pinnonestring sha256:<hash>set CA pin to validate the Auth Server. Generated by tctl status
--nodenamevalue returned by the hostname command on the machinestringassigns an alternative name for the node which can be used by clients to log in.
-c, --config/etc/teleport.yamlstring .yaml filepathstarts services with config specified in the YAML file, overrides CLI flags if set
--bootstrapnonestring .yaml filepathbootstrap configured YAML resources
--labelsnonestring comma-separated listassigns a set of labels to a node, for example env=dev,app=web. See the explanation of labeling mechanism in the Labeling Nodes section.
--insecurenonenonedisable certificate validation on Proxy Service, validation still occurs on Auth Service.
--fipsnonenonestart Teleport in FedRAMP/FIPS 140-2 mode.
--diag-addrnonenoneEnable diagnostic endpoints
--permit-user-envnonenoneflag reads in environment variables from ~/.tsh/environment when creating a session.
--app-namenonenoneName of the application to start
--app-urinonenoneInternal address of the application to proxy
--app-public-addrnonenonePublic address fo the application to proxy

Examples

# By default without any configuration, teleport starts running as a single-node
# cluster. It's the equivalent of running with --roles=node,proxy,auth
sudo teleport start

# Starts a node named 'db' running in strictly SSH mode role, joining the cluster
# serviced by the auth server running on 10.1.0.1
sudo teleport start --roles=node --auth-server=10.1.0.1 --token=xyz --nodename=db

# Same as the above, but the node runs with db=master label and can be connected
# to using that label in addition to its name.
sudo teleport start --roles=node --auth-server=10.1.0.1 --labels=db=master

# Starts an app server that proxies the application "example-app" running at http://localhost:8080.
sudo teleport start --roles=app --token=xyz --auth-server=proxy.example.com:3080 \
    --app-name="example-app" \
    --app-uri="http://localhost:8080" \
    --labels=group=dev

teleport status

Shows the status of a Teleport connection:

teleport status

This command is only available from inside of a recorded SSH session.

teleport configure

Dumps a sample configuration file in YAML format into standard output:

teleport configure
warning

Caution: This sample config is not the default config and should be used for reference only.

View Config Reference for all YAML configuration options.

teleport version

Shows the release version:

teleport version

teleport help

Displays help options for teleport:

teleport help

And, for its subcommands:

teleport help <subcommand>

tsh

tsh is a CLI client used by Teleport Users. It allows users to interact with current and past sessions on the cluster, copy files to and from nodes, and list information about the cluster.

tsh global flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
-l, --loginnonean identity namethe login identity that the Teleport User should use
--proxynonehost:https_port[,ssh_proxy_port]set SSH proxy address
--user$USERnonethe Teleport User name
--ttlnonerelative duration like 5s, 2m, or 3hset time to live for a SSH session, session ttl unrestricted if unset
-i, --identitynonestring filepathIdentity file
--cert-formatfilefile or opensshSSH certificate format
--insecurenonenoneDo not verify server's certificate and host name. Use only in test environments
--authlocalany defined authentication connectorSpecify the type of authentication connector to use.
--mfa-modeautoauto or otpPreferred MFA method for tsh. Useful to force otp in constrained environments.
--skip-version-checknonenoneSkip version checking between server and client.
-d, --debugnonenoneVerbose logging to stdout
-J, --jumphostnoneA jump hostSSH jumphost

tsh help

Prints help:

tsh help

tsh version

Print the version of your tsh binary:

tsh version

tsh ssh

Run shell or execute a command on a remote SSH node:

tsh ssh [<flags>] <[[email protected]]host> [<command>...]

Arguments

<[[email protected]]host> [<command>...]

  • user The login identity to use on the remote host. If [user] is not specified the user defaults to $USER or can be set with --user. If the flag --user and positional argument [user] are specified the arg [user] takes precedence.
  • host The nodename of a cluster Node or a label specification like env=aws to run on all matching hosts.
  • command The command to execute on a remote host.

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
-p, --portnoneportSSH port on a remote host
-A, --forward-agentnonenoneForward agent to target node like ssh -A
-L, --forwardnonenoneForward localhost connections to remote server
-D, --dynamic-forwardnonenoneForward localhost connections to remote server using SOCKS5
-N, -no-remote-execnonenoneDon't execute remote command, useful for port forwarding
--localnoneExecute command on localhost after connecting to SSH node
-t, --ttyfileAllocate TTY
--clusternoneSpecify the cluster to connect
-o, --optionlocalOpenSSH options in the format used in the configuration file
--enable-escape-sequencesEnable support for SSH escape sequences. Type ~? during an SSH session to list supported sequences.
--no-use-local-ssh-agentDo not load generated SSH certificates into the local ssh-agent (specified via $SSH_AUTH_SOCK). Useful when using gpg-agent or Yubikeys. You can also set the TELEPORT_USE_LOCAL_SSH_AGENT environment variable to false (default true)

Global flags

These flags are available for all commands --login, --proxy, --user, --ttl, --identity, --cert-format, --insecure, --auth, --skip-version-check, --debug, --jumphost. Run tsh help <subcommand> or see the Global Flags section.

Examples

Log in to node `grav-00` as OS User `root` with Teleport User `teleport`

tsh ssh --proxy proxy.example.com --user teleport -d [email protected]

`tsh ssh` takes the same arguments as OpenSSH client:

tsh ssh -o ForwardAgent=yes [email protected]
tsh ssh -o AddKeysToAgent=yes [email protected]

Run `hostname` on all nodes with the `env: aws` label

tsh ssh [email protected]=aws hostname

tsh config

Generates OpenSSH configuration to use currently logged in teleport as a bastion host.

tsh config

Examples

Print OpenSSH config file to console

tsh config

Append Teleport configuration to ssh config

tsh config >> ~/.ssh/config

tsh apps ls

List all available applications:

tsh apps ls

tsh join

Joins an active session:

tsh join [<flags>] <session-id>

Arguments

<session-id>

  • session-id The UUID of an active Teleport Session obtained by teleport status within the session.

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
--clusternonea cluster_nameSpecify the cluster to connect

Global flags

These flags are available for all commands --login, --proxy, --user, --ttl, --identity, --cert-format, --insecure, --auth, --skip-version-check, --debug, --jumphost. Run tsh help <subcommand> or see the Global Flags section.

Examples

join session using teleport user joe as ec2-user

tsh --user=joe --login=ec2-user join <session-id>

tsh play

Plays back a prior session:

tsh play [<flags>] <session-id>

Arguments

<session-id>

  • session-id The UUID of a past Teleport Session obtained by teleport status within the session or from the Web UI.

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
--clusternonea cluster_nameSpecify the cluster to connect
--formatptyjson, ptyFormat for playback

Global flags

These flags are available for all commands --login, --proxy, --user, --ttl, --identity, --cert-format, --insecure, --auth, --skip-version-check, --debug, --jumphost, --format. Run tsh help <subcommand> or see the Global Flags section.

Examples

tsh --proxy proxy.example.com play <session-id>

Playing back a session using pty format using a downloaded session recording.

tsh play --format=pty 1fe153d1-ce8b-4ef4-9908-6539457ba4ad.tar

Playing back a session in json format using jq to filter on events

tsh play --format=json ~/play/0c0b81ed-91a9-4a2a-8d7c-7495891a6ca0.tar | jq '.event

tsh scp

Copies files from source to dest:

tsh scp [<flags>] <source>... <dest>

Arguments

  • <source> - filepath to copy
  • <dest> - target destination

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
--clusternonea cluster_nameSpecify the cluster to connect
-r, --recursivenonenoneRecursive copy of subdirectories
-P, --portnoneport numberPort to connect to on the remote host
-q, --quietnonenoneQuiet mode

Global flags

These flags are available for all commands --login, --proxy, --user, --ttl, --identity, --cert-format, --insecure, --auth, --skip-version, --debug, --jumphost. Run tsh help <subcommand> or see the Global Flags section.

Examples

tsh --proxy=proxy.example.com scp -P example.txt [email protected]:/destination/dir

tsh ls

List cluster nodes:

tsh ls [<flags>] [<label>]

Arguments

  • <label> - key=value label to filer nodes by

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
-v, --verbosenonenonealso print Node ID

Global flags

These flags are available for all commands --login, --proxy, --user, --ttl, --identity, --cert-format, --insecure, --auth, --skip-version, --debug, --jumphost. Run tsh help <subcommand> or see the Global Flags section.

Examples

tsh ls

Node Name Address Labels

--------- ------------------ ------

grav-00 10.164.0.0:3022 os:linux

grav-01 10.156.0.2:3022 os:linux

grav-02 10.156.0.7:3022 os:osx

tsh ls -v

Node Name Node ID Address Labels

--------- ------------------------------------ ------------------ ------

grav-00 52e3e46a-372f-494b-bdd9-a1d25b9d6dec 10.164.0.0:3022 os:linux

grav-01 73d86fc7-7c4b-42e3-9a5f-c46e177a29e8 10.156.0.2:3022 os:linux

grav-02 24503590-e8ae-4a0a-ad7a-dd1865c04e30 10.156.0.7:3022 os:osx

Only show nodes with os label set to 'osx':

tsh ls os=osx

Node Name Address Labels

--------- ------------------ ------

grav-02 10.156.0.7:3022 os:osx

tsh kube ls

List Kubernetes clusters:

tsh kube ls

Examples

tsh kube ls

Kube Cluster Name Selected

------------------------------------- --------

gke_bens-demos_us-central1-c_gks-demo *

microk8s

tsh clusters

tsh clusters [<flags>]

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
-q, --quietnonenoneno headers in output

Global flags

These flags are available for all commands --login, --proxy, --user, --ttl, --identity, --cert-format, --insecure, --auth, --skip-version, --debug, --jumphost. Run tsh help <subcommand> or see the Global Flags section.

Examples

tsh clusters

Cluster Name Status

------------ ------

staging online

production offline

tsh clusters --quiet

staging online

production offline

tsh login

Logs in to the cluster. When tsh logs in, the auto-expiring key is stored in ~/.tsh and is valid for 12 hours by default unless you specify another interval via --ttl flag (capped by the server-side configuration).

tsh login [<flags>] [<cluster>]

Arguments

  • <cluster> - the name of the cluster, see Trusted Cluster for more information.

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
--bind-addrnonehost:portAddress in the form of host:port to bind to for login command webhook
-o, --outnonefilepathIdentity output filepath
--formatfilefile, openssh or kubernetesIdentity format: file, openssh (for OpenSSH compatibility) or kubernetes (for kubeconfig)
--browsernonenoneSet to 'none' to suppress opening system default browser for tsh login commands
--request-rolesnoneRequest one or more extra roles
--request-reasonnoneReason for requesting additional roles
--request-nowaitnoneFinish without waiting for request resolution
--request-idnoneLogin with the roles requested in the given request
--no-use-local-ssh-agentDo not load generated SSH certificates into the local ssh-agent (specified via $SSH_AUTH_SOCK). Useful when using gpg-agent or Yubikeys. You can also set the TELEPORT_USE_LOCAL_SSH_AGENT environment variable to false (default true)

Global flags

These flags are available for all commands --login, --proxy, --user, --ttl, --identity, --cert-format, --insecure, --auth, --skip-version-check, --debug, --jumphost. Run tsh help <subcommand> or see the Global Flags section.

Examples

The proxy endpoint can take a https and ssh port in this format host:https_port[,ssh_proxy_port]

Try Toboth ports 443 and 3080 for https

tsh --proxy=proxy.example.com login

Use ports 8080 and 8023 for https and SSH proxy:

tsh --proxy=proxy.example.com:8080,8023 login

Use port 8080 and 3023 (default) for SSH proxy:

tsh --proxy=proxy.example.com:8080 login

Use port 23 as custom SSH port, keep HTTPS proxy port as default

tsh --proxy=work.example.com:,23 login

Login and select cluster "two":

tsh --proxy=proxy.example.com login two

Select cluster "two" using existing credentials and proxy:

tsh login two

Login to the cluster with a very short-lived certificate

tsh --ttl=1 login

Login using the local Teleport 'admin' user:

tsh --proxy=proxy.example.com --auth=local --user=admin login

Login using GitHub as an SSO provider, assuming the GitHub connector is called "github"

tsh --proxy=proxy.example.com --auth=github --user=admin login

Suppress the opening of the system default browser for external provider logins

tsh --proxy=proxy.example.com --browser=none

Login to cluster and output a local kubeconfig

tsh login --proxy=proxy.example.com --format=kubernetes -o kubeconfig

Request access to a cluster.

tsh login --proxy=proxy.example.com --request-reason="I need to run a debug script on production"

tsh kube login

Log into a Kubernetes cluster. Discover connected clusters by using tsh kube ls.

tsh kube login <kube-cluster>

tsh kube login to k8s cluster (gke_bens-demos_us-central1-c_gks-demo)

tsh kube login gke_bens-demos_us-central1-c_gks-demo

Logged into kubernetes cluster "gke_bens-demos_us-central1-c_gks-demo"

On login, kubeconfig is pointed at the first cluster (alphabetically)

kubectl config current-context

aws-gke_bens-demos_us-central1-c_gks-demo

But all clusters are populated as contexts

kubectl config get-contexts

CURRENT NAME CLUSTER AUTHINFO NAMESPACE

* aws-gke_bens-demos_us-central1-c_gks-demo aws aws-gke_bens-demos_us-central1-c_gks-demo

aws-microk8s aws aws-microk8s

tsh logout

Deletes the client's cluster certificate:

tsh logout

tsh status

Display the list of proxy servers and retrieved certificates:

tsh status

Examples

tsh status

> Profile URL: https://proxy.example.com:3080

Logged in as: benarent

Cluster: aws

Roles: admin*

Logins: benarent, root, ec2-user, ubunutu

Kubernetes: enabled

Kubernetes cluster: "gke_bens-demos_us-central1-c_gks-demo"

Kubernetes groups: system:masters

Valid until: 2020-11-21 01:50:23 -0800 PST [valid for 11h52m0s]

Extensions: permit-agent-forwarding, permit-port-forwarding, permit-pty

tsh mfa ls

List all registered Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) devices:

tsh mfa ls

tsh mfa add

Register a new Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) device:

tsh mfa add

Examples

tsh mfa add

Choose device type [TOTP, WEBAUTHN]: webauthn

Enter device name: desktop yubikey

Tap any *registered* security key

Tap your *new* security key

MFA device "desktop yubikey" added.

tsh mfa add

Choose device type [TOTP, WEBAUTHN]: totp

Enter device name: android

Tap any *registered* security key

Open your TOTP app and create a new manual entry with these fields:

Name: [email protected]:3080

Issuer: Teleport

Algorithm: SHA1

Number of digits: 6

Period: 30s

Secret: 6DHDR7GWA7ZKLLWEWRIF55WXJKZ52UVJ

Once created, enter an OTP code generated by the app: 123456

MFA device "android" added.

tsh mfa rm

Remove a registered Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) device. You can view your registered devices using tsh mfa ls.

tsh mfa rm <device-name>

Environment variables configure your tsh client and can help you avoid using flags repetitively.

Environment VariableDescriptionExample Value
TELEPORT_AUTHName of a defined SAML, OIDC, or GitHub auth connectorokta
TELEPORT_CLUSTERName of a Teleport root or leaf clustercluster.example.com
TELEPORT_LOGINLogin name to be used by default on the remote hostroot
TELEPORT_LOGIN_BIND_ADDRAddress in the form of host:port to bind to for login command webhookhost:port
TELEPORT_PROXYAddress of the Teleport proxy servercluster.example.com:3080
TELEPORT_HOMEHome location for tsh configuration and data/directory
TELEPORT_USERA Teleport user namealice
TELEPORT_ADD_KEYS_TO_AGENTSpecifies if the user certificate should be stored on the running SSH agentyes, no, auto, only
TELEPORT_USE_LOCAL_SSH_AGENTDisable or enable local SSH agent integrationtrue, false
TELEPORT_GLOBAL_TSH_CONFIGOverride location of global tsh config file from default /etc/tsh.yaml/opt/teleport/tsh.yaml

tsh configuration files

tsh has an optional configuration files:

  • global, shared config: /etc/tsh.yaml. Location can be overridden with TELEPORT_GLOBAL_TSH_CONFIG environment variable.
  • user specific config: $TELEPORT_HOME/config/config.yaml. Unless changed, TELEPORT_HOME defaults to ~/.tsh.

The settings from both are merged, with the user config taking precedence.

The tsh configuration file enables you to specify HTTP headers to be included in requests to Teleport Proxy Servers with addresses matching the proxy field.

add_headers:
  - proxy: "*.example.com" # matching proxies will have headers included
    headers: # headers are pairs to include in the http headers
      foo: bar # Key/Value to be included in the http request

Adding HTTP headers may be useful, if for example an intermediate HTTP proxy is in place that requires setting an authentication token:

add_headers:
  - proxy: "*.infra.corp.xyz"
    headers:
      "Authorization": "Bearer tokentokentoken"

tctl

tctl is a CLI tool that allows a cluster administrator to manage all resources in a cluster, including nodes, users, tokens, and certificates.

tctl can also be used to modify the dynamic configuration of the cluster, such as creating new user roles or connecting Trusted Clusters.

When running tctl commands, administrators must authenticate to a Teleport cluster. This can be done in three ways:

On a remote host with an identity file

tctl can authenticate with a user-provided identity file. The Teleport Auth Service signs an identity file when a user runs tctl auth sign or tsh login --out=<output-path>, and the user can include the path to the identity file in the --identity flag when running tctl commands.

When using the --identity flag, the user must provide the --auth-server flag with the address of an Auth Service or Proxy Service so tctl knows which cluster to authenticate to.

On the same host as the Teleport Auth Service

If there is a Teleport configuration file on the host where tctl is run, tctl attempts to authenticate to the Auth Service named in the configuration file using an identity stored in its local backend.

tctl only authenticates using this method if an identity file is not provided.

Note

Note that when a tctl command is run locally on the Auth Service, the audit logs will show that it was performed by the Auth Service itself.

To provide an accurate audit trail, it is important to limit direct SSH access to the Auth Service with Access Controls and ensure that admins use tctl remotely instead.

On a remote host after running tsh login

If tctl cannot find a local Teleport configuration file or a user-provided identity file, it attempts to load the user's tsh profile to authenticate to the cluster. The tsh profile is created when a user runs tsh login.

tctl reads the TELEPORT_CONFIG_FILE environment variable to determine if a Teleport configuration file is present. If you are using your tsh profile to authenticate tctl, you must ensure that one of these conditions is true:

  • TELEPORT_CONFIG_FILE is blank
  • No file exists at /etc/teleport.yaml

Otherwise tctl will attempt to connect to a Teleport cluster on the machine, which could result in the error, ERROR: open /var/lib/teleport/host_uuid: permission denied.

When running tctl commands, administrators must authenticate to a Teleport cluster. This can be done in two ways:

On a remote host with an identity file

tctl can authenticate with a user-provided identity file. The Teleport Auth Service signs an identity file when a user runs tctl auth sign or tsh login --out=<output-path>, and the user can include the path to the identity file in the --identity flag when running tctl commands.

When using the --identity flag, the user must alo provide the --auth-server flag with the address of an Auth Service or Proxy Service so tctl knows which cluster to authenticate to.

On a remote host after running tsh login

If tctl cannot find a local Teleport configuration file or a user-provided identity file, it attempts to load the user's tsh profile to authenticate to the cluster. The tsh profile is created when a user runs tsh login.

tctl reads the TELEPORT_CONFIG_FILE environment variable to determine if a Teleport configuration file is present. If you are using your tsh profile to authenticate tctl, you must ensure that one of these conditions is true:

  • TELEPORT_CONFIG_FILE is blank
  • No file exists at /etc/teleport.yaml

Otherwise tctl will attempt to connect to a Teleport cluster on the machine, which could result in the error, ERROR: open /var/lib/teleport/host_uuid: permission denied.

Example

export TELEPORT_CONFIG_FILE=""
tctl tokens add --type=node

tctl global flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
-d, --debugnonenoneEnable verbose logging to stderr
-c, --config/etc/teleport.yamlstring filepathPath to a configuration file
--auth-servernonehost:portAttempts to connect to specific Auth/Proxy Service address(es) instead of a local Auth Service (127.0.0.1:3025)
-i, --identitynonestring filepathPath to an identity file
--insecurenonenoneWhen specifying a Proxy Service address in --auth-server, do not verify its TLS certificate. Danger: any data you send can be intercepted or modified by an attacker

tctl help

Shows help:

tctl help

tctl users add

Generates a user invitation token:

tctl users add [<flags>] <account>

Arguments

  • <account> - The Teleport user account name.

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
--rolesnoneComma-separated stringsList of Teleport roles to assign to the new user
--loginsnoneComma-separated stringsList of allowed SSH logins for the new user
--kubernetes-groupsnoneComma-separated stringsKubernetes groups to assign to a user, e.g. system:masters
--kubernetes-usersnoneComma-separated stringsKubernetes user to assign to a user, e.g. jenkins
--db-usersnoneComma-separated stringsList of allowed database users for the new user
--db-namesnoneComma-separated stringsList of allowed database names for the new user
--windows-loginsnoneComma-separated stringsList of allowed Windows logins for the new user
--aws-role-arnsnoneComma-separated stringsList of allowed AWS role ARNs for the new user
--ttl1hrelative duration like 5s, 2m, or 3h, maximum 48hSet expiration time for token

Global flags

These flags are available for all commands --debug, --config. Run tctl help <subcommand> or see the Global Flags section.

Examples

Adds teleport user "joe" with mappings to

OS users "joe" and "root"

tctl users add joe joe,root

Adds teleport user "joe" with mappings to

OS users "joe" only

tctl users add joe

tctl users update

Update user account:

tctl users update [<flags>] <account>

Arguments

  • <account> - The Teleport user account name.

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
--set-rolesnonea role nameComma-separated list of roles for the user to assume, replaces current roles

Examples

tctl users update joe --set-roles=access,editor

Assigns roles "access" and "editor" to user "joe"

tctl users ls

Lists all user accounts:

tctl users ls [<flags>]

tctl users rm

Deletes user accounts:

tctl users rm <logins>

Arguments

  • <logins> - comma-separated list of Teleport users

Examples

tctl users rm sally,tim

Removes users sally and tim

tctl users reset

Reset local user account password and any associated second factor with expiring link to populate values. Usage: tctl users reset <account>

Arguments

  • <account> - Teleport Local DB User

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
--ttl8hrelative duration like 5s, 2m, or 3hSet the expiration time for token, default is 8h0m0s, maximum is 24h0m0s

Examples

tctl users reset jeff

User jeff has been reset. Share this URL with the user to complete password reset, the link is valid for 8h0m0s:

https://teleport.example.com:3080/web/reset/8a4a40bec3a31a28db44fa64c0c70ca3

Resets jeff's password and any associated second factor. Jeff populates the password and confirms the token with the link.

tctl request ls

List of open requests:

tctl request ls

Examples

tctl request ls

Token Requestor Metadata Created At (UTC) Status

------------------------------------ --------- -------------- ------------------- -------

request-id-1 alice roles=dictator 07 Nov 19 19:38 UTC PENDING

tctl request approve

Approve a user's request:

tctl request approve [token]

Arguments

  • <tokens> - comma-separated list of Teleport tokens.

Examples

tctl request approve request-id-1, request-id-2

tctl request deny

Denies a user's request:

tctl request deny [token]

Arguments

  • <tokens> - comma-separated list of Teleport tokens.

Examples

tctl request deny request-id-1, request-id-2

tctl request rm

Delete a users role request:

tctl request rm [token]

Arguments

  • <tokens> - comma-separated list of Teleport tokens.

Examples

tctl request rm request-id-1

tctl nodes add

Generate a node invitation token:

tctl nodes add [<flags>]

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
--rolesnodeproxy, auth, node, db, app or windowsdesktopComma-separated list of roles for the new node to assume
--ttl30mrelative duration like 5s, 2m, or 3hTime to live for a generated token
--tokennonestring token valueA custom token to use, auto-generated if not provided. Should match token set with teleport start --token

Global flags

These flags are available for all commands --debug, --config. Run tctl help <subcommand> or see the Global Flags section.

Examples

Generates a token that can be used by a node to join the cluster, default ttl is 30 minutes

tctl nodes add

Generates a token that can be used to add an SSH node to the cluster.

The node will run both the proxy service and the node (ssh) service.

This token can be used within an hour.

tctl nodes add --roles=node,proxy --ttl=1h

tctl nodes ls

List all active SSH nodes within the cluster:

tctl nodes ls [<flags>]

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
--namespacenonestring namespaceNamespace of the nodes

Global flags

These flags are available for all commands --debug, --config. Run tctl help <subcommand> or see the Global Flags section.

tctl tokens add

Create an invitation token:

tctl tokens add --type=TYPE [<flags>]

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
--typenoneproxy, auth, trusted_cluster, node, db, kube, app, windowsdesktopType of token to add
--valuenonestring token valueValue of token to add
--ttl1hrelative duration like 5s, 2m, or 3hSet expiration time for token
--formatnonetext, json, yamlOutput format

Global flags

These flags are available for all commands --debug, --config . Run tctl help <subcommand> or see the Global Flags section.

Examples

Generate an invite token for a trusted_cluster

tctl tokens add --type=trusted_cluster --ttl=5m

Generate an invite token for a trusted_cluster with labels

tctl tokens add --type=trusted_cluster --labels=env=prod

Generate an invite token for a node

This is equivalent to `tctl nodes add`

tctl tokens add --type=node

Generate an invite token for a kubernetes_service

tctl tokens add --type=kube

Generate an invite token for an app_service

tctl tokens add --type=app

tctl tokens rm

Delete/revoke an invitation token:

tctl tokens rm [<token>]

Arguments

  • <token> The full-length token string to delete

tctl tokens ls

List node and user invitation tokens:

tctl tokens ls [<flags>]

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
--formatnonetext, json, yamlOutput format

Global flags

These flags are available for all commands --debug, --config . Run tctl help <subcommand> or see the Global Flags section.

Example

tctl tokens ls

Token Type Expiry Time (UTC)

-------------------------------- --------------- -------------------

abcd123-insecure-do-not-use-this Node 11 Oct 19 22:17 UTC

efgh456-insecure-do-not-use-this trusted_cluster 11 Oct 19 22:19 UTC

ijkl789-insecure-do-not-use-this User signup 11 Oct 19 22:20 UTC

tctl auth export

Export public cluster (CA) keys to stdout:

tctl auth export [<flags>]

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
--keysnonenoneif set, will print private keys
--fingerprintnonestring e.g. SHA256:<fingerprint>filter authority by fingerprint
--compatnoneversion numberexport certificates compatible with specific version of Teleport
--typenoneuser, host or tlscertificate type

Global flags

These flags are available for all commands --debug, --config. Run:

tctl help <subcommand>

or see the Global Flags section.

Examples

Export all keys

tctl auth export

Filter by fingerprint

tctl auth export --fingerprint=SHA256:8xu5kh1CbHCZRrGuitbQd4hM+d9V+I7YA1mUwA/2tAo

Export tls certs only

tctl auth export --type tls

tctl auth sign

Create an identity file(s) for a given user:

tctl auth sign -o <filepath> [--user <user> | --host <host>][--format] [<flags>]

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
--usernoneexisting userTeleport user name
--hostnoneauth hostTeleport host name
-o, --outnonefilepathidentity output
--overwritenonenoneWhen specified, write new identity files, even if they already exist
--formatfilefile, openssh, tls or kubernetesidentity format
--identitynonefileIdentity file to use for logging in to the Auth Service
--auth-servernoneauth host & portRemote Teleport host name
--ttl12hrelative duration like 5s, 2m, or 3hTTL (time to live) for the generated certificate
--compat""standard or oldsshOpenSSH compatibility flag
--proxy""Address of the Teleport Proxy ServiceWhen --format is set to kubernetes, this address will be set as the cluster address in the generated kubeconfig file
--leaf-cluster""The name of a leaf cluster.
--kube-cluster-name""Kubernetes Cluster Name
--app-name""application nameGenerate a certificate for accessing the specified web application
--db-service""database service nameGenerate a certificate for accessing the specified database service
--db-user""database userWhen --db-service is specified, encode this database user in the certificate
--db-name""database nameWhen --db-service is specified, encode this database name in the certificate

Global flags

These flags are available for all commands --debug, --config. Run tctl help <subcommand> or see the Global Flags section.

Examples

Export identity file to teleport_id.pem

for user `teleport` with a ttl set to 5m

tctl auth sign --format file --ttl=5m --user teleport -o teleport_id.pem

Export identity formatted for openssh to teleport_id.pem

tctl auth sign --format openssh --user teleport -o teleport_id.pem

Export host identity, `--format openssh` must be set with `--host`

Generates grav-01 (private key) and grav-01-cert.pub in the current directory

tctl auth sign --format openssh --host grav-00

Invalid command, only one of --user or --host should be set

tctl auth sign --format openssh --host grav-00 --user teleport -o grav_host

error: --user or --host must be specified

create a certificate with a TTL of 24 hours for the jenkins user

the jenkins.pem file can later be used with `tsh`

tctl auth sign --ttl=24h --user=jenkins --out=jenkins.pem

create a certificate with a TTL of 3 months for the jenkins user

the jenkins.pem file can later be used with `tsh`

tctl auth sign --ttl=2190h --user=jenkins --out=jenkins.pem

create a certificate with a TTL of 1 day for the jenkins user

The kubeconfig file can later be used with `kubectl` or compatible tooling.

tctl auth sign --ttl=24h --user=jenkins --out=kubeconfig --format=kubernetes

Exports an identity from the Auth Server in preparation for remote

tctl execution.

tctl auth sign --user=admin --out=identity.pem

tctl auth rotate

Rotate certificate authorities in the cluster:

tctl auth rotate [<flags>]

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
--grace-periodnonerelative duration like 5s, 2m, or 3hGrace period keeps previous certificate authorities signatures valid, if set to 0 will force users to log in again and nodes to re-register.
--manualnonenoneActivate manual rotation, set rotation phases manually
--typeuser,hostuser or hostCertificate authority to rotate
--phaseinit, standby, update_clients, update_servers, rollbackTarget rotation phase to set, used in manual rotation

Global flags

These flags are available for all commands --debug, --config . Run tctl help <subcommand> or see the Global Flags section.

Examples

Rotate only user certificates with a grace period of 200 hours:

tctl auth rotate --type=user --grace-period=200h

Rotate only host certificates with a grace period of 8 hours:

tctl auth rotate --type=host --grace-period=8h

tctl create

Create or update a Teleport resource from a YAML file.

The supported resource types are: user, node, cluster, role, connector. See the Resources Reference for complete docs on how to build these yaml files.

tctl create [<flags>] <filename>

Arguments

  • <filename> resource definition file

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
-f, --forcenonenoneOverwrite the resource if already exists

Global flags

These flags are available for all commands --debug, --config. Run tctl help <subcommand> or see the Global Flags section.

Examples

Update a user record

tctl create -f joe.yaml

Add a trusted cluster

tctl create cluster.yaml

Update a trusted cluster

tctl create -f cluster.yaml

tctl rm

Delete a resource:

tctl rm [<resource-type/resource-name>]

Arguments

  • [<resource-type/resource-name>] Resource to delete
    • <resource type> Type of a resource [for example: saml,oidc,github,user,cluster,token]
    • <resource name> Resource name to delete

Examples

Delete a SAML connector called "okta":

tctl rm saml/okta

Delete a local user called "admin":

tctl rm users/admin

tctl get

Print a YAML declaration of various Teleport resources:

tctl get [<flags>] [<resource-type/resource-name>],...

Arguments

  • [<resource-type/resource-name>] Resource to get
    • <resource type> Type of a resource [for example: user,cluster,token]
    • <resource name> Resource name to get

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
--formatyaml, json or textOutput format
--with-secretsnonenoneInclude secrets in resources like certificate authorities or OIDC connectors

Global flags

These flags are available for all commands --debug, --config . Run tctl help <subcommand> or see the Global Flags section.

Examples

tctl get users

Dump the user definition into a file:

tctl get user/joe > joe.yaml

Prints the trusted cluster 'east'

tctl get cluster/east

Prints all trusted clusters and all users

tctl get clusters,users

Dump all resources for backup into state.yaml

tctl get all > state.yaml

tctl status

Report cluster status:

tctl status

Examples

Checks status of cluster.

tctl status Cluster grav-00 User CA never updated Host CA never updated CA

pin sha256:1146cdd2b887772dcc2e879232c8f60012a839f7958724ce5744005474b15b9d

Checks remote auth status using exported identity.

tctl status \ --auth-server=192.168.99.102:3025 \ --identity=identity.pem

tctl top

Reports diagnostic information.

The diagnostic metrics endpoint must be enabled with teleport start --diag-addr=<bind-addr> for tctl top to work.

tctl top [<diag-addr>] [<refresh>]

Argument

  • [<diag-addr>] Diagnostic HTTP URL (HTTPS not supported)
  • [<refresh>] Refresh period e.g. 5s, 2m, or 3h

Example

sudo teleport start --diag-addr=127.0.0.1:3000

View stats with a refresh period of 5 seconds

tctl top http://127.0.0.1:3000 5s

tctl version

Print the version of your tctl binary:

tctl version

Resource filtering

Both tsh and tctl allow you to filter nodes, apps, db, and kube resources using the --search and --query flags.

The --search flag performs a simple fuzzy search on resource fields. For example, --search=mac searches for resources containing mac.

The --query flag allows you to perform more sophisticated searches using a predicate language.

In both cases, you can further refine the results by appending a list of comma-separated labels to the command. For example:

tsh ls --search=foo,bar labelKey1=labelValue1,labelKey2=labelValue2

Filter Examples

List all nodes

tsh ls

List nodes using label argument

tsh ls env=staging,os=mac

List nodes using search keywords

tsh ls --search=staging,mac

List nodes using predicate language. This query searches for nodes with labels

with key `env` equal to `staging` and key `os` equal to `mac`.

tsh ls --query='labels["env"] == "staging" && equals(labels["os"], "mac")'

Experimental features

tctl access ls

Displays user accesses to SSH nodes

tctl access ls [--user <user> | --login <login> | --node <hostname>][<flags>]

Flags

NameDefault Value(s)Allowed Value(s)Description
--usernoneexisting userTeleport user name
--loginnoneuser loginTeleport user login
--nodenoneexisting hostnameTeleport node hostname
--namespacedefaultexisting namespaceTeleport namespace

Examples

Get all user accesses over all nodes

tctl access ls

Get accesses for user 'joe'

tctl access ls --user joe

Get accesses for node 'prod'

tctl access ls --node prod

Get accesses for login 'root'

tctl access ls --login root

Get accesses for user 'joe', node 'prod', and login 'root'

tctl access ls --user joe --login root --node prod